Archivi categoria: Istruzione / attività

MOOCs, critical thinking and museum education

MOOCs, il pensiero critico e educazione museale

L’acronimo MOOC sta per Massive Open Online Courses, corsi online ad accesso libero e gratuito pensati per la formazione a distanza che coinvolga un numero elevato di utenti. I MOOC sono parte integrante e tra i prodotti digitali più interessanti delle Open Educational Resources (OERs), strumenti che stanno assumendo un peso sempre maggiore nelle politiche educative di molti Paesi. Grazie a tale tipo di corso online (corso che si presta ad essere impiegato nei molti campi del sapere scolastico e non) gli student possono acquisire delle informazioni preliminary prima della visita al museo e/o sito archeologico. Nel contempo, I docente e gli educatori museali possono creare percorsi di apprendimento costruiti in modo rigoroso dal punto di vista didattico e dei contenuti, al fine di promuovere l’interesse verso le tematiche e gli oggetti museali legati a determinati siti culturali su un largo bacino d’utenza.

Nello specifico, gli alunni di scuola primaria possono promuovere le loro competenze digitali attraverso la partecipazione a MOOC creati dai loro medesimi insegnanti e, contemporanemante, acquisire le informazioni necessarie prima di una visita al museo.

La durata ottimale di un corso MOOC per alunni di scuola secondaria è di circa 1 mese: esso, fruibile a distanza, deve essere compost da almeno due video e due schede di aprofondimento delle conoscenze. Utile la presenza di una prova di valutazione finale che consente al docente ideatore del corso di misurare le conoscenze acquisite dagli allienvi prima della visita al museo e dell’avvio delle attività in situ.

I tool digitali necessary per la costruzione e la creazione di MOOC sono applicazioni online per la realizzazione di video (Powtoon è una di esse: gratuita e facile da utilizzare), schede di approfondimento create come document digitale e un semplice Modulo di Google per la creazione della prova di verifica finale.

schermata-2016-09-30-alle-13-32-19

MOOCs, critical thinking and museum education

COURSES This approach can be applied in a wide range of courses / subjects such as:

·      Science

·      History

·      Geography

·      Art and design

NATIONAL CURRICULUM Multidisciplinary learning pathway, planned as MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses), can promote the development of different knowledge and abilities, even in museum education. The Italian school system promotes the experimentation of new models, the use of innovative tools and the dissemination of best practices through the National Digital School Plan (issued in 2008 and transformed in one of the pillars of the 107/2015 act, aiming at creating new learning environments). The application of MOOCs in the field of artistic and cultural heritage education is a real challenge for innovation, in the fields of museum and pedagogy.

GOALS The aim of this approach is to develop digital skills and cultural and heritage education in primary school students and teachers. Future and current educators and teachers, through ideation and planning activities of MOOCs, have the chance to improve their teaching competences as well as their transversal digital abilities, their analytical skills and their critical thinking.

PARTICIPANTS Primary School students participate in a MOOC before their visit to a cultural site.

DURATION The duration of the course is about 1 week, in order to help the acquisition of basic information before visiting the museum or heritage site.

PLAN OF ACTIVITIES Since many years, museums, places of culture and education par excellence, have been interested in the promotion of artistic and cultural heritage by means of new forms of technology, mainly in the field of distance and digital learning. Through the use of MOOCs, museum education has the opportunity to broaden the areas of integration for the new technologies, while, at the same time, developing new teaching techniques for different users. Using MOOCs, museum and heritage sites can reach a high number of students and arise their curiosity about a theme linked to museum itself. At the same time, teachers con promote the development of basic knowledge before the museum/heritage site visit, creating a common learning pathway from MOOCs to the activities in the museum.

Teachers and/or museum educators create MOOCs in the field of museum education, taking into consideration a theme or a museum object linked to the cultural site. The duration of the MOOC is about 1 week and it is composed by at least 2 videos and 2 technical charts with in-depth information. Moreover, the course has a final evaluation activity, thanks to which teachers and/or museum educators can assess the level of knowledge acquisition.

UTILITIES A simple program of creating videos is necessary for teachers and museum educators to create parts of the MOOCs. Powtoon is useful to create funny videos in a simple way. Students need an online access to view and download videos and technical charts. The final evaluation activity can be done by an online form (ex. Google Forms).

moma-mooc


https://youtu.be/Lua2YK3LFbk

http://www.eurodl.org/materials/special/2015/Poce.htm

Type
  • Practise

Usage
  • Instruction / assignment
  • Presenting / reporting

Learning activities
  • Raise attention, intensify perception (raise questions, predict…)
  • Enable cognition (observe, analyse, incite activity such as describe etc.)
  • Make a synthesis, interprete

Context
  • Classroom

Languages
  • Italian

Age 6 to 12 years
Keywords
  • MOOC, prospective teacher, heritage education, 4Cs skills, critical use of technology, pensiero critico, educazione museale

Submitted by UNIROMATRE
 

Creative writing and museum objects

La scrittura creativa e oggetti museali

Gli studenti (dalla scuola primaria al liceo) possono migliorare la loro conoscenza riguardo un museo e gli oggetti museali in esso contenuti attraverso un corso di scrittura creativa. Attraverso tale tipo di approccio, le conoscenze, le abilità e competenze di base sono promosse contemporaneamente grazie all’utilizzo della tecnologia, dei lavori di gruppo e grazie alla presenza del tutor online. Gli alunni (dalla Scuola Primaria alle Scuole Secondarie di Secondo Grado), seguendo un corso erogato online, partecipano a tre unità didattiche sullo sviluppo delle abilità di scrittura creativa nel contesto delle conoscenze museali. Un tutor online (il docente) segue e valuta tutte le attività degli studenti. La durata del corso è di circa 4 settimane: 1 settimana dedicata ad ognuna delle attività 1 e 2, mentre due settimane per l’attività 3. Il percorso didattico è suddiviso in tre unità, ognuna con dei propri obiettivi specifici: analizzare un testo narrativo di argomento museale secondo gli elementi propri della narratologia, del linguaggio scientifico e della componente creativa; progettare e realizzare la scrittura creativa di argomento museale attraverso la stesura di un finale a partire da un racconto fornito;ideare, progettare e realizzare un testo creativo su un oggetto museale assegnato dal docente. Tutte le attività di scrittura sono effettuate tramite un programma di scrittura condivisa (es. Google Drive) in modo tale gli studenti possano lavorare anche a distanza. La presenza di una piattaforma per l’apprendimento a distanza risulta necessaria per l’organizzazione e l’attuazione delle attività

creative-writing


Creative writing and museum objects

COURSES This approach can be applied in a wide range of courses / subjects such as:

·      Science

·      Design and technology (ICT)

·      History

·      Geography

·      Art and design

NATIONAL CURRICULUM Heritage sites, museum and museum objects give the opportunity to promote creativity and writing skills, pivotal for developing other students’ basic skills, through an innovative learning approach.

GOALS The aim of this approach is to develop more skills and competences simultaneously, with the use of technology, cooperative learning methodology and an online tutor participation.

PARTICIPANTS Students (from primary to high school) participate in a course, given in e-learning mode and structured in 3 main activities where students work in groups. An online tutor (the teacher) evaluates and gives feedback to all students’ products

DURATION The duration of the course is about 4 weeks: 1 week for activities no.1 and no.2 and 2 weeks for activity no. 3.

PLAN OF ACTIVITIES The three activities are planned as follows: students read a short-story, based on a museum object and analise it (they highlight creative writing elements and available knowledge linked to the museum object); students write the end of a short-story which focuses on a museum object (they can develop their creative writing skills and knowledge about cultural heritage); students write a short-story which focus is a museum object assigned by the online tutor. All writing activities are carried out online through a collaborative writing program (e.g. Google Drive)

UTILITIES A online platform is necessary to organise the teaching approach.


http://www.libreriauniversitaria.it/tecnologia-critica-creativita-didattica-sci…

Type
  • Practise

Usage
  • Instruction / assignment
  • Exploring / research / inquiry
  • Recording / collecting

Learning activities
  • Signpost (introduce, set the scene, chapterise…)
  • Affect, emotional and empathic engagement
  • Make a synthesis, interprete
  • Create own (re)presentation, impression

Context
  • Classroom
  • Museum
  • At home

Languages
  • Italian

Age 6 to 12 years
Keywords
  • creative writing, museum object, short-story, writing skills, museum education, scrittura creativa, corsi online, oggetti museali

Submitted by UNIROMATRE

 

Object Based Learning and 3D Printing

Object Based Learning e stampa 3D

In questo seminario, gli studenti (dalla scuola primaria fino al liceo) partecipano a lezioni sull’Object Based Learning, finalizzate alla comprensione degli aspetti più importanti dell’OBL e del suo utilizzo in ambito didattico. Con l’aiuto di operatori esperti, l’oggetto museale viene stampato in 3D, grazie all’utilizzo di una stampante 3D e uno scanner digitale. L’oggetto stampato diventa il cuore dell’attività formativa innovativa: toccando l’oggetto e utilizzando i sensi, gli studenti possono avere un contatto diretto con l’oggetto stesso e, conseguentemente, sviluppare conoscenze e competenze nuove e approfondite. L’attività si conclude con un report scritto dagli studenti sull’OBL e sul percorso didattico a cui hanno partecipato, presentando la loro analisi/descrizione dell’oggetto stampato in 3D effettuata attraverso l’innovativa metodologia didattica.

Tale approccio didattico è destinato sia ad alunni di Scuola Primaria che Secondaria: le indicazione Nazionali promuovono, infatti, fin dai primi anni scolastici lo sviluppo di competenze legate alla promozione del pensiero critico e l’utilizzo di metodologie didattiche innovative, al fine di attuare una costruzione induttiva delle nuove conoscenze negli studenti. Grazie a questo tipo di attività didattica, gli alunni conoscono e interpretano direttamente l’oggetto museale posto nelle loro mani, utilizzando esclusivamente i sensi.

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COURSES This approach can be applied in a wide range of courses / subjects such as:

·      Science

·      Design and technology (ICT)

·      History

·      Geography

·      Art and design

NATIONAL CURRICULUM  In the Italian Educational System the acquisition and promotion of transversal or soft skills is promoted from Primary Schools to High Schools. Critical thinking education is today of utmost importance for schools in the preparation of future workers and participatory citizens.

GOALS The aim of this approach is to develop critical thinking skills through Object Based learning methodology and 3D printing. The approach has been developed from the idea that “the use of museum collections as a path to learn-ing […] is fast becoming a new pedagogy for education. Despite a strong tradition of us-ing lectures as a way of delivering the curriculum, the positive benefits of ‘active’ and ‘ex-periential learning’ are being recognised” (Hannan – Chatterjee, 2015).

PARTICIPANTS Primary, Middle and High school students, divided into working groups (3 to 5).

DURATION 2 activities. About 2 hours for each activity.

PLAN OF ACTIVITIES The OBL is related to the direct use of the object (documents, work of art, materials) in teaching and learning (see http://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums/learning-resources/object-based-learning). Starting from the objects, students are stimulated in a sort of contest and a continuous interaction with the object, which promotes a critical approach to knowledge.

This approach is composed by 2 main activities: during the first one, students (divided into working groups of 3 to 5) choose a museum object (already 3D printed) on a multi-sensorial level, touching and observing the object in an unusual and innovative way. Students could think about the object’s origin, its use and the inter-disciplinary involvement. During the second activity, students write a report about the activity and about the result of their analysis, presenting it to other students in order to evaluate the learning activity. In this way, all of them can develop their critical thinking in a museum context, thanks to a well-defined learning activity and a critical use of technology in heritage education.

UTILITIES 3D printed museum object.


http://www.archeomatica.it/formazione/must-lecce-workshop-object-based-learning…

Type
  • Practise

Usage
  • Instruction / assignment
  • Exploring / research / inquiry
  • Presenting / reporting

Learning activities
  • Show, demonstrate, give access to (also tangible) also to events, objects that are otherwise inaccessible
  • Enable cognition (observe, analyse, incite activity such as describe etc.)
  • Make a synthesis, interprete
  • Create own (re)presentation, impression

Context
  • Museum
  • Heritage site

Languages
  • English
  • Italian

Age 6 to 12 years
Keywords
  • 3D printing, Object Based Learning, OBL, Stampa 3D, Attività formativa innovativa

Submitted by UNIROMATRE